By 2030, the share of renewable energy in the energy mix is expected to reach 20%. Contains detailed goals and technology-specific goals for energy efficiency. The goal is to increase Sudan`s forest area to 25% by 2030. Contains the adjustment section. A commitment provided that international support is declared. The INDC of Sudan. A couple of studies in Nature have stated that from 2017, none of the major industrialized countries implemented the strategies they had planned and did not meet their emission reduction targets, and even if they had, the sum of all accession commitments (from 2016) would not maintain the increase in global temperature “well below 2oC”.   Among other things, countries need to report their greenhouse gas inventories and progress against their targets, so that external experts can assess their success. Countries should also review their commitments by 2020 and present new targets every five years to further reduce emissions. They must participate in a “comprehensive state of affairs” to measure collective efforts in order to achieve the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. In the meantime, developed countries must also assess the financial assistance they will provide to developing countries to help them reduce their emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change.
The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.  After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force.  The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016.  Several technology company executives – including Google CEO Sundar Pichai, Microsoft President and Chief Justice Officer Brad Smith, Apple CEO Tim Cook, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, and Electric CEO Jeff Immelt – condemned the decision.   Microsoft`s Satya Nadella stated that Microsoft believes that “climate change is an urgent issue that requires global action.” Google`s Sundar Pichai tweeted: “Disappointed with today`s decision. Google will continue to work hard for a cleaner and more prosperous future for all. Facebook`s Mark Zuckerberg said: “The exit from the Paris climate agreement is bad for the environment, bad for the economy and threatening the future of our children. Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1” country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  Commits to keep emissions “relatively low” (nearly 7.58 MtCO2e) until 2035 or to neutrality by 2050, depending on international assistance. It is also an intensity-based reduction target of 25% and 35% that is expected to be achieved in 2020-2030 and 2030-2050 compared to 1990. Contains sections on adaptation, loss and damage.
InDC in Sierra Leone. A 27% reduction in emissions by 2030, in a status quo scenario, with the additional goal of increasing forest area to 60% of the national land area by 2030.